What Is Brahmi Brahmi (Bacopa monnieri) also known as Bacopais a perennial, creeping herb with numerous branches that grows in wetlands and marshy places. Brahmi is native to India but has spread throughout the tropics. Brahmi has great value in Ayurvedic medicine mainly used as brain and mental tonic to treat Alzheimer disease, memory loss, insanity, insomnia and other mental illness. Brahmi, Herbal Medicine - Health Benefits Brahmi, Availability, Dosage And Use M. D. Hegde
Brahmi Scientific Name(S): Bacopa monnieri (L.) Wettst. family: Scrophulariaceae (figworts); also known as Bacopa monniera, Herpestis monniera, or Moniera cuneifolia
Common Names NAME(S): Brahmi, Jalnaveri, Jalanimba, Sambrani chettu, thyme-leaved gratiola, Bacopa, Babies tear, Bacopa monnieri, Hespestis monniera, Nirbrahmi, Indian Pennywort and water hyssop. In English it is commonly called as the 'Herb of Grace'.
Brahmi is an edible plant that can grow to about 6 inches in height while Brahmi branches creeps horizontally covering the ground. Brahmi has small oval shaped leaves that are succulent and relatively thick.
Brahmi leaves grow alternately on the soft hairy stem. Brahmi blooms small white-purplish flowers with four or five petals. Brahmi flowers bloom in most months of the year, while Brahmi fruit is oval and sharp at apex
brahmi plant 2Active constituents that are found in Brahmi include the following:
Alkaloids, sterols, saponins.
Betulic acid, stimastorol, betasitosterol, bacoside and bacopasaponins.
Brahmi in Ayurvedic Medicine. Brahmi has long history in Indian Ayurvedic medicine. It is widely used for its effect in blood circulation that promotes efficient function of the liver, lungs and the kidneys.
Brahmi is traditionally used to treat skin problems including psoriasis, eczema, abscess and ulceration. Brahmi is used to stimulate skin cell regeneration and growth.
Traditional Medicinal Uses Of Brahmi
mental and physical fatigue
irritable bowel syndrome
increase sex drive
coughs and hoarseness
high cholesterol levels
Brahmi is used in Indian Ayurvedic medicine as brain tonic. Brahmi has naturally occurring nitric oxide that according to studies have positive effects in brain activity. Brahmi has Bacosides that release nitric oxide that relaxes the aorta and veins allowing smooth blood flow that nourishes the nerve cells, improving cognitive capability,promote mental clarity and focus.
Brahmi is used as memory enhancer. In a study conducted to test the chronic effects of Brahmi (Bacopa monniera) on human memory done in University of Wollongong, Australia, suggests that Brahmi (Bacopa monniera) shows a significant action of enhancing the capacity of the subjects to retain new information while maintaining the capability of learning.
Brahmi is used as treatment for Alzheimer's disease. In a study conducted on rats (J. Ethnopharmacol, 2009), a model was conducted where Alzheimer's disease is induced to rats. The rats were afterwards given Brahmi extract to determine its effects against Alzheimer's disease. The test showed that rats given a dose of up to 80mg/kg of Brahmi extract had improved cognitive capability and mitigated the further reduction of brain neurons.
Brahmi as anti-oxidant. A study entitled "Free radical scavenging capacity and protective effect of Bacopa monniera on DNA damage, 2003", suggests that Brahmi (Bacopa monniera) has an antioxidant capacity, scavenging free radicals in the body while protecting the DNA cleavage. This study in Brahmi action against free radicals has value in treating pathologies where free radical production is evident.
Brahmi has neuroprotective effect. Studies conducted in Naresuan University in Thailand (2008), suggest that in an induced neuron cell death (neurotoxicity) in the primary cortical culture, Brahmi (Bacopa monnieri) extract has a positive effect in neurons preventing the progressive reduction in mass thus mitigating neurodegeneration.
Brahmi as an asthma treatment. A study conducted to determine the broncho-vasodilatory effect of Brahmi extract suggests that constituents found in Brahmi inhibits the formation of calcium ions thereby affecting a broncho-vasodilatory activity.
Brahmi as a depression treatment. In a depression induced model study done in rats. Brahmi extract when compared to an antidepressant drug 'imipramine', showed the same effects, suggesting that Brahmi has antidepressant activity comparable to imipramine.
Brahmi as an epilepsy treatment. In a model study done on rats. Pilocarpine is used to induce epileptic episodes in rats. Brahmi (Bacopa monnieri) extract showed a positive effect to the epileptic hippocampus. The depressive behavior of epileptic rats was reversed when Brahmi extract were given if compared to those who receive no treatment.
Brahmi as stress reduction herb. Brahmi (Bacopa monnieri) has been studied to provide anti stress activity in rat test models. The effect of Brahmi extract to the hippocampus is that it modulates activities of Hsp70 expression and superoxide simutase thereby preparing the brain to act in adverse conditions such as stress.
Brahmi as an anti-ulcer herbal medicine. Studies suggest that in an acid induced ulcer in rats, Brahmi extract has shown an anti-ulcer and ulcer healing activity. It is believed that Brahmi effects a mucosal offensive and defensive action, limiting the growth of helicobacter pylori, preventing gastric ulceration and promotes healing.
Brahmi is available as an extract, in tablet, tincture. and powder.
Brahmi can be prepared as a decoction and tea.
Brahmi general Dosage for non standardized powder is 3-5 grams taken two or three times a day.
Brahmi Infusion should be taken 10 to 15 ml per day
Extracted Juice of Brahmi can be taken at 10 - 20 ml. two or three times a day.
Brahmi standardized fluid extract at ratio of 1:2 should be taken in 4-12 ml for adults and 2-4 ml for children within 6 to 12 year of age, per day
Brahmi standardized 20% Extract (Both Bacosides A B) is recommended to be taken at 200 to 400 mg per day in two or three divided dosage for adults. While 100 to 200 mg per day for children
Brahmi Side Effects And Warnings
Brahmi has no known side effects.
Do not use Brahmi if taking estrogen replacement therapy
Do not use Brahmi if taking birth control pills
Do not use Brahmi if taking phenothiazine.
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Brahmi (Bacopa monnieri) also known as Bacopais a perennial, creeping herb with numerous branches that grows in wetlands and marshy places. Brahmi is native to India but has spread throughout the tropics. Brahmi has great value in Ayurvedic medicine mainly used as brain and mental tonic to treat Alzheimer disease, memory loss, insanity, insomnia and other mental illness.
Brahmi, Herbal Medicine - Health Benefits
Brahmi, Availability, Dosage And Use
M. D. Hegde
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